Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia
Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia was born in Peterhof Place, Saint Petersburg, Russia on June 13, 1882, the youngest daughter of Czar Alexander III. Olga Koulikovsky claimed until the day she died, to be heir to the dynasty of the late Tsar and Tsarina, Nicholas and Alexandra of Russia. At the turn of the century, political unrest and revolutionary forces rocked the three-hundred-year-old Romanov Empire with political extremists struggling against one another for power. By 1917 distaste for the Tsar’s leadership had grown to overwhelming proportions, as had the strength of the revolutionaries. The royal family were placed under house arrest at Tsarskoye Selo where, though restricted, they were treated fairly. In July, 1917, they were moved to Tobolsk in Siberia. With the fall of the government, the Bolsheviks gained power and the circumstances of the Romanov family changed. They were taken to Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg where their treatment deteriorated to the point of physical and mental abuse. On July 16, 1918, the family was led to the basement, ostensibly to await rescue. Instead, On July 17, on the personal order of Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov), then Soviet premier, the family, including Nicholas II, last Czar of All Russias, were executed by a firing squad. Historical accounts of the Romanov’s list Olga as deceased in 1918, with her family. Her own account, however, states that after a year in seclusion, Olga finally escaped to Denmark where she remained until emigrating to Canada in 1948. She and her husband settled on a 200-acre farm near Milton. Olga Koulikovsky died on November 24, 1960 in Toronto at the age of 78.